Unity, who you?

Analysis and Opinion

By JoeAm

We need to get a handle on the Marcos campaign’s call for “unity” to figure out if it warrants support should it become an operating framework for the Marcos Administration. Maybe it does, maybe it doesn’t.

It seems to me there are two types of unity, one that is political, and one that is Constitutional. The political call for unity might see leftists and pinks as troublemakers, or threats, whereas the Constitutional one would see them, and all groups, as vibrant diversity in a welcoming land. This is pretty straightforward. Government tagging of people as a political act, outside of evidence and due process, is wrong. That is abuse under the false claim of unity.

The Duterte Government got it wrong. We’ll see how President Marcos handles it.

Constitutional unity is not fear-based. It is fairness based. The Constitution is a unifying document that defines the nation’s goals and structures a government that exists to take good care of Filipinos. It takes care of Filipinos of all religions, ethnicities, ages, genders, sexual persuasions, regions, families, occupations, and political views. Its inclusivity and its diversity is, in fact, its unity.

Any call that demands Filipinos toe a mandated political line, or engage in acts that are contrary to due process, are actually DIVISIVE, and should be recognized as such.

Red-tagging, drug-tagging, smearing citizens, and list-making represent forms of due process that are NOT unity in action. They are its opposite.


Photograph from happierway.org. “Our ability to reach unity in diversity will be the beauty and the test of our civilization.” Mahatma Gandhi

105 Responses to “Unity, who you?”
  1. Micha says:

    Well, there’s already the Marcos/Arroyo/Duterte/Estrada alliance of crooks able to deliver over 50% of votes, and having been legitimated and proclaimed and ready to wield power, why would he still be interested in calling for unity?

  2. Karl Garcia says:

    I may not like this admin and or the 19th congress bench warmers but I would not like for PH to sink deeper.
    We need tranformation not even renewal would do like I suggested elsewhere. Renewals are just extending the life of domething like licenses etc in other words more of the same.

  3. NHerrera says:

    Constitution-based Unity. Yes indeed; and it is good of you to repeatedly sing the Constitution Song instead of all the crazy ideas being sung as the bases for Unity. It is the lazy way for one.

    This recalls to mind one who if it were a non-rich person would have virtually worked himself to death to finish an Oxford Education with a rich man’s accommodation to boot, instead of lazily going about the town as a dandy in a Rolls-Royce.

    The “lazy way” seems to be the emerging style. At least I can sympathize with a previous President — he knows no better. Are the new one and his “alalays” know-nothing too?

    • JoeAm says:

      Today’s cabinet announcements suggest he is putting together a reputable group of experienced people. If agencies take proper initiatives, they can prop up a lazy CEO.

      • NHerrera says:

        That’s a relief for sure.

      • sonny says:

        ‘… Are the new one and his “alalays” know-nothing too? …”

        (If I’m reading you right, NH) I’m looking at a picture where the older version realizes the younger did comprehend and could not comprehend the elder’s vision and “methods” and the right “support characters” to accomplish the vision. Am I reading you correctly?

      • kasambahay says:

        looks like superficial dressing to me the group of reputable and experienced people. whether they function cohesively or not, bbm would need to provide firm guidance and stick to his gun, else he got hijacked along the way.

  4. Karl Garcia says:

    Bslisacan seems to be the scapegoat and designated fall guy.
    The so-called transition team already has a long to do list for Balisacan.
    As if Covid was the only reason for their failure.

    • JoeAm says:

      I’m not so sure. Diokno, Pascual appointments look sound. Also the SMC Tollways CEO whose name escapes me.

      • Karl Garcia says:

        Yes I read about their appointments from your twitter post and their apppiontments are indeed sound.

      • Micha says:

        SMC CEO would be Ramon Ang, but I don’t know there’s a Tollways CEO too – that would be a CEO within a CEO.

        Managing a private tollway in a public road is a mafia operation that Don Corleone could only dream about.

        SMC – SanMiguel Mafia Corporation.

        • JoeAm says:

          Yes, it is a subsidiary enterprise. My bias is that government should be run like a business rather than a cabal of “good old boys”, so his background is a positive. Plus I am not aware of SMC engaging in corrupt practices, so there is an honesty presumption.

          • Micha says:

            Nope, a government is NOT a business enterprise – it’s raison d’être is NOT to earn a profit.

            Building a road is a public endeavor, financed by public money, and should be made toll-free for all.

            SMC merely provided the use of its heavy equipment and engineering capabilities. As soon as the construction’s done, the government should pay it for all its troubles and should exit the scene. It should not be made a milking cow for its CEO and parent company.

            Mafia bosses normally exhibit high degree of honesty. That does not make the whole mafia racket less mafia-like.

            • JoeAm says:

              Profits are one measure of performance. There are also others, recruiting of capable people, managing through others, organizing productivity, applied automation, producing quality products. The disciplines transfer over and are sorely needed in government agencies. The mafia example is ridiculous fallacy. Honesty in government is important.

              • Micha says:

                Management efficiency, I’m on board with you there. Professionalize the bureaucrats, by all means.

                But you don’t turn over the business of governance to private enterprise.

                Nor demote government agencies as subsidiaries for profit seeking private enterprise.

              • JoeAm says:

                Ghosts and goblins. The man will resign from SMC and work for government, just like actors and lawyers do. He’s an individual who will perform well, or not. His credentials are sound, for me. If not for you, no problem.

              • Micha says:

                Of course, of course. And the next big project up for bid going to SMC Construction is pure happenstance.

              • JoeAm says:

                Better them than Pharmally or Dennis Uy. They’ve got skills.

              • Micha says:

                Different crook, same swindle.

          • Micha says:

            Just read it now on Inquirer via google feed; the SMC tollway guy gets tapped to head DPWH.

            WTF! there’s no more pretending here!

            That’s like getting the fox manage the henhouse!

            • JoeAm says:

              Perhaps. I find the appointment intriguing and will be interested in seeing what DPWH gets done.

              • Micha says:

                Methinks that will be the norm down the road.

                Insider trading. Insider monopoly.

                Mafia operation all the way!

              • JoeAm says:

                We’ll see. I’m operating under the premise, framed by the rather conventional cabinet hires, that Marcos recognizes that running a good government is important to establishing a better family name. It’s counter-intuitive to what most think. Time will tell.

  5. Karl Garcia says:

    In fairness to Ang he helped with the Governments Right of Way issues though it served his interests,there are pictures of roads with houses in the middle of the road and they are not photoshopped. Having avoided such ugly pictures is a good thing.

  6. Juan Luna says:

    Giving the benefit of the doubt, BBM’s call for unity as a goal is sincere. Let me make that clear, I’m giving the benefit of the doubt on the call. The catch is how to execute it. The hardcores on both sides will surely be resistant to anything with a semblance of cooperation. While the presumptive leader of the opposition, VP Robredo, already signaled acceptance of the election results, many in the ranks are still seething from it. Justified or not, there is your first assignment to huddle if you are for unity.

    What I’m keenly watching is how the sincerity of the unity call will be translated in actual, material and concrete action that will really show that the incoming administration is dead serious in patching up those things that can be patch up to lessen the friction that has long been the staple in our political life. It doesn’t have to be 100% unity for it is impossible given that BBM has a built-in adversaries from way past that is impenetrable to any conciliation effort.

    Will ‘unity’ reflect on the on-going appointments being issued in Malacanang? Is the new administration open to appointing somebody from outside of its circle? Will BBM extend the hand of cooperation, as a gesture of sincerity, to those candidates who ran against him? Will he make the first move to connect to his defeated rival for formality and posterity sake to set up a good example?

    We’ll see. 🫥

  7. NHerrera says:


    While I believe we are right in asking questions about the irrationality of other countries on certain important topics, I would like to ask this equally important question. How many killings are enough for reasonable unity and reforms on gun control to be instituted by the US?


      Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.


      A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.


      NH, so those two are at issue here. and to connect this to Joe’s political vs. constitutional “unity”, that ‘s the US constitution. it stems from King George of England at that time, and what colonist Americans perceived as “tyranny”. John Hancock whipped up support against the King (or England) tea tax, so he rallied people to the Boston Tea party, but his agenda was tax avoidance (tax evasion really).

      My point is that plenty of American colonists actually didn’t mind King George didn’t think anything of him really, except for the folks like John Hancock and folks like Thomas Paine who was into free-thinking, so you got business men and thinkers wanting to form a More Perfect Union one political unity the other constitutional unity, but most colonists

      were actually fine with being colonists, just like Marcos’ martial law, most Filipinos weren’t really affected, same same with DU30’s EJKs. So what you have to consider is if something is the tyranny of the majority or if its the tyranny of the minority, and if minority vs. majority rule is good for public good overall.

      But its always the Hancocks vs. the Paines, business vs. ideals. political good vs. public good.

      I’m pro – 2nd Amendment. but between 1st and 2nd Amendments, 1st is the most important , proven by how many times i’ve been banned here. I don’t think Americans are practicing their freedom of Speech any longer, relegating this right to the media or talking heads as a whole. instead of actual debates of ideas, we get talking points and sound bytes.

      Because of this, education suffers, and civil discourse which is the point of the 1st Amendment atrophies. Thomas Paine awhile back, Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death dude, which i believe was also a popular Philippine ad campaign for milk over there, he died a lonely man, abadoned by friends and family for his ideas.

      But he didn’t go out and shoot people.

      Which gets us to the 2nd Amendment. the US cannot ban guns outright because its in the constitution, but they can ban specific aspects of these guns, so if you Google California compliant AR rifles or maglock for magazines, you’ll get really different looking guns compared to what the Buffalo shooter used, and that of the Uvalde TX shooter, etc. etc.

      But even with the totally different AR rifles , we still in California have a lot of gun deaths, probably not as much mass shooting type events, as example Colorado for some reason always has ’em, that’s because a revolver or a shogun etc. etc. can still kill, so numbers-wise gun deaths in California is still huge.

      The answer i think is the 1st Amendment, if you teach civics properly and how to disagree and how to learn while disagreeing and how to be open to ideas you’re not comfortable with, then you’d be better off mental health wise, because you have agency via your speech. Again this all stems from Baruch Spinoza, the freedom to think whatever thoughts you want is a public good.

      From civics, you can get some sort of “unity” because guns are thing, they are manufactured and designed, so you don’t need to cancel the 2nd Amendment, you keep the Right to Bare Arms, just tweak what sort of Arms you allow Americans to bare.

      That means making the Gun Lobby heel, like an obedient dog.

      Then proper discourse on what guns are allowed. Focus on the action for example, lever action, bolt action only, etc. whatever the end design of these allowed guns will be, just know that violence is violence. And a situation like Ukraine where you had to give citizens arms to fight tyranny, well that s the original purpose of the 2nd amendment, so the citizenry is always armed. just ensure proper and good training.

      Training of these arms can be better too. But I read the Uvalde TX shooter who was a fuck-up on all counts was bullied for his lisp, couldn’t even drive the truck to the school he was going to, shot 3 police officers, but i’m digging for news here, and no indications that it was the suspect himself who shot the 3 cops, so I gotta assume that it was friendly fire,

      which means Good Guys with Guns is not always the answer. which brings us to VP Leni’s favourit quote:

      “I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin, but you begin anyway and see it through no matter what.”

      • Juan Luna says:

        “I’m pro – 2nd Amendment.”
        But what really is a pro-2nd Amendment in light of the ongoing and continuing struggle of Americans about gun violence?

        I see Republican politicians brandishing all kinds of guns posing in cartoonish way on their political ads proclaiming they are pro-2nd Amendment. Is that good? Does it really make sense?

        • I don’t think that’s the spirit of the 2nd amendment (pictures of guns), and more to Joe’s political unity (small minded unity) fanned by the NRA and the gun industry,

          I’m more for the spirit of bearing arms as hedge to domestic and foreign tyranny , which is the constitutional unity Joe’s alluding to— unnecessarily demonizing guns is like me demonizing technology (I’m a Luddite), i can opt to be Amish in how I accept new tech, but I can’t presume to impose it on others.

          So keep the 2nd Amendment because its spirit is valid and necessary,

          but contain fetishization of guns, I would also fault Hollywood in this, as well as games, but in the end the schools for failing to teach what real courage looks like, which invariably falls under the purview of families, everyone thinks for some reason or another courage is the military or bearing arms, that’s just one tiny facet.

          Same way Filipino males (or pretty much most males in the 3rd World) fetishize guns thinking that’s masculinity, in the US only a very small portion of males think this way,

          but big enough to affect others. So its a propaganda / counter propaganda issue, have Hollywood and everyone else ridicule this, and you’ll contain it.

          • JoeAm says:

            There is a macho independent feeling that attaches to guns. I’d imagine the guns and killings would go down when the feeling of being courageous and compassionate by not owning a gun replaces that macho independence.

            • California is in a really weird place vis a vis the rest of the US:

              I agree, Joe. There was a time when only hunters, cops and military owned guns. NRA used to just represent that group— then I don’t know when exactly everyone wanted to shoot. as of early 2000, i can remember being at the gun range was relaxing with just a few people, now i don’t go to gun ranges anymore.

    • I’m interested more in this early 2000s, dip, which isn’t really captured on NH’s type of graph. what happened?

      • NHerrera says:

        Yes, Lance, there is that dip in the early 2000s in your chart but then there is a very significant increase subsequently consistent with the chart I displayed; and your chart stops at about 2015. The chart I used — not mine or a product of my research, but one I got from Twitter — goes beyond and you can see the “explosion” in the relative numbers in the 2016-2021 period.

        • NH, here’s charts (bar graphs) to 2022:

          So, my point, you can count it per incident or body count, but the dips like early 2000s is more useful in attempting to figure out causes. thus solutions.

          Body count has more to do with planning and efficacy with said weapon used than intent or motivations. which renders said metrics more tied to luck than anything really.

          • Karl Garcia says:

            I remember Bill of Oz telling us that the gun ban in tge Oz works well.


            • Karl Garcia says:

              But here it won’t as what every election ban proved.

              Many still getvto kill some people during gun bans.
              Many still get drunk during liquor bans.

              • kasambahay says:

                owning gun is might, killing is all time solution to problems, we may not have mass shooting at schools but alcohol and drug fueled violence is very much present in our communities. total ban of guns and alcohol is anticipated but barely enforced and less followed. people will always push boundary further out and see how far they can go. and often, it’s those who can ill afford representation that got punished. and got punished one too many times that it no longer matter. luckily, they’re minority. the rest are law abiding.

              • Karl Garcia says:

                Might makes wrong.

          • Karl Garcia says:

            The gun licensing had an extended life of 10 years here in PH.


            • Karl Garcia says:

              How can extending the years for renewal of licenses improve the inventory for licensed arms and quell loose fire-arms?
              Will the number of years of license measure the responsibility of the owner? No.

              How to teach responsibility? As in everything, it starts at home.
              @LCX you are a proponent of to hell with schooling or watchamacolit. How can you instill responsibility with out schools? I know the status quo has much to improve but remove schools from the equation and it gets messier.
              Again correct me if my recollection and impression of your advocacies is wrong.

              • Homeschooling is definitely up here, since COVID lock downs, karl. Was slightly on the rise, now that parents realize hey we don’t really need schools. Many opted not to return.

                Use to be just Bible thumpers and GOP (they’re making our kids into commies) types that homeschooled,but now I’m seeing just regular folks. realizing how easy it is to homeschool, at least up to high school (high school, you have to do more to get a high school degree, you can partner with a brick and mortar high school, or there are independent high school degree granting online companies you can partner with, which issue the high school degrees to get you qualified for colleges).

                I’m not for it. I understand why parents are opting out tho’, but I want kids to get a wider education than say Catholic/evangelical or anti-liberal education. But i do think for sure public education failed in teaching how to think independently and how to engage in debate/discourse. that was suppose to be public educations main goal to create responsible citizens that’ll continue on the traditions of this republic (an experiment really), and add contribute more, instead of subtracting.

                So my position is i’d rather see kids all go to public school, karl, but I want public schools to improve considerably.

                Otherwise more parents will realize the failure and just opt out of public schools. If more are homeschooled, then defund schools all together, subsidize parents directly. But set up a mandatory compulsory civil or military service, where 18 to 22 year olds are taught to be better stewards of the republic. The military does this really well. But i understand not everyone will fit in the military, so something like Team Rubicon type set up but it has to for 2 to 4 years and get folks to travel around the country.

                The details i dunno, but the point is to off set all the homeschooling Bible thumping anti-science stuff due to homeschooling.

              • JoeAm says:

                The pandemic forced Filipino schools and parents to act. Some private schools just closed, throwing kids in the air. A lot went to distance learning, some struggling, some thriving. Public schools were at the mercy of a lousy Dept of Education and the inventiveness of local teachers. The home became the school for many, either DL, doing paper modules, or home schooling. Joe Jr’s school threw themselves into quality distance learning and it became a blessing in disguise, teaching computers, self-reliance, and small-group participation. Now they are face-to-face 2 days a week and at home 3. Next year probably back in the classroom. I really feel for public school kids who became casualties of a weak school system. Robredo would have got them caught up. What will Sara do?

              • Karl Garcia says:

                Many thanks for the needed inputs. Here both public and private schools need hevy improvements and how on earth can Sara do that?
                Glad to be proven wrong by Sara.
                BBM I am not expecting anything. After one year he might chang3e his newly hired economists and replace them with losers like Gadon,Roque, Marcoleta…goodness gracious great balls of fire.
                If Duterte accepts the EJK post, he can already hire them as consultants.

              • kasambahay says:

                karlG, mr ivermectin mike defensor who lost the mayorship of quezon city to joy belmonte is also on 12months exclusion. defensor could well be in for a new post under bbm.

                I will be forever pointing out kakulangan ni bbm despite being advised to the contrary. he is president and I expect him to have good work ethics and work wonders! anak pa naman siya ng proven ‘genius’. may hugot.

                at the moment, ang galing ng window dressing ni bbm, stellar ang line up. how much is that dog in the window . . .

              • Karl Garcia says:

                All who lost are lawyers are there any economists? Then the Economic team is safe?

              • kasambahay says:

                I’m glad inter agency task force binasura ang insurance ng mga estudyante. I would hate to see students missing out coz they cannot pay insurance. I heard after insurance, funeral scheme was next to be implemented kuno. damn students have habit of dying! nababaril. nakulong yang iba. na-red tagged e.

                educators ought to be elated their students can think critically and not afraid to challenge the opinion of others.

              • Karl Garcia says:

                Again they should implement Universal Health Care and finding other funding sources other than the sin tax. So people do not need to drink and smoke to death to get free hospitalization.

              • kasambahay says:

                methink, bong go high alai universal health care and opened around 150? malasakit centers all over the country, a one stop shop of providing free health care to all and sundry.

                as well, public hospitals provide free health care. though sometimes public patients have to buy their own medicines. public pharmacies in public hospitals are halos kapus ng medicines, kulang ng stock at maliit ang budget.

              • kasambahay says:

                the question, is the newly appointed economic team safe under bbm?

                my guess? they should be safe, bbm is a graduate of whartoun university and have studied economics! plus bbm’s one and true ally gloria arroyo is economics professor!

              • This thread is about the technocratic politicians that Marcos Jr. is appointing, seems many are from the stable of the elder Angara, Marcos Sr.’s UP President.

                A mix of competent functionaries to make sure the economy works plus thugs like Marcoleta and Tulfo in other key posts to secure power – cynically speaking this might work for certain select circles. 😕

              • Karl Garcia says:

                Do not worry the election ban would not affect the eco tem. Those losers are all lawyers, Gadon, Roque, Marcoleta even Defensor.

              • kasambahay says:

                amenah pangandaman’s ‘money matters’ work resume. https://www.rappler.com/business/amenah-pangandaman-next-budget-management-secretary/

              • kasambahay says:

                bbm is creating economic titanic, know what happened to the real titanic?

              • Just imagine Marcos Jr. and Inday Sara in a pose like below:

              • Karl Garcia says:

                Plugging the holes of a sinking ship that crashed to a Glacier?

              • sonny says:

                “… how much is that dog in the window …”

                🙂 KB, papaano mo alam itong expression na ito? Panahon ko pa ito. Malayong mas bata ka sa ‘kin.

                I share your sentiment: “I will be forever pointing out kakulangan ni bbm despite being advised to the contrary.” Hindi ko malunok na nasa pwesto siyang dapat igalang.

              • kasambahay says:

                sonny, thanks to history, I got to know the past. what is scary is that what happened in the past happened to breathing, living real people burned deeply and scarred for life.

              • kasambahay says:

                karlG’s “Plugging the holes of a sinking ship that crashed to a Glacier?” made me realized bbm’s economic team are all heavyweights. very weighty, and that’s how I got to think of titanic!

                anyhow, it was inday sara’s birthyday yesterday, may 31st. and I couldn’t help singing celine dion’s song, my heart will go on, sang like a dirge.

  8. madlanglupa says:

    “Unity” could mean many things to different people.

    Those of supporting this regime like brown-shirted Sturmabteilung fanatics interpret it as forcing the dissidents to accept the inevitability of their rule and the supremacy of the Marcoses, more assimilation than reunification and/or reconciliation (then the buzzword of the first Aquino administration).

    Then there’s the masses; based on my observations in depressed areas, they appear content with the results, thinking that they could go on with their lives now that everyone else have shut up with “unity”, the masses still trying to bring food on the table than be concerned with existential threats. Except maybe not knowing whether their new President would be better equipped to deal with such looming crises, of shortages of essential goods, of increasingly violent climate change, etc.

    To quote a colleague: “there will be no unity nor reconciliation without justice.”

    • Karl Garcia says:

      No unity without social justice per Lasco

    • JoeAm says:

      The two different kinds of unity are clear, imposed or the bonding of diversity in notions of equality and fairness. But authorities jump between them depending on the circumstance, and generally lean toward imposed methods like ROTC or red-tagging. I’m always amazed when military types favor imposed methods. Like these people never learned to INSPIRE people like VP Robredo does. They just don’t get that people want to feel relevant.

        • kasambahay says:

          lessen people’s pain, make amends, there is retribution. ask forgiveness and apologize. a true politician has exemplary people skills and know how to empathize, make friends out of enemies. mountains made into molehills.

          at the moment he is humbled by his win, here’s hoping that in his superb humbleness and ultra marketing genius, he wont humiliate and disregard little people, taxing them blind.

      • Micha says:

        “They just don’t get that people want to feel relevant.”

        This is a profound, important, and concise observation of human nature. I wish we could expound on this some more because this relevance thing (or the lack of it) is at the heart of why modern society seemed so grotesquely alienating and full of conflicts.

        • JoeAm says:

          Yes, maybe I could elaborate on it in a separate article. My wife donated to the Robredo campaign and yesterday received a thank you note from a volunteer organizer. It explained that the uniqueness of the movement was people’s willingness to give rather than get. I think what is happening in social and even mainstream media these days is a deadening of our capacity to care, in a compassionate, giving way.

          • NHerrera says:

            Please do Joe. The “thank you” from the Robredo Camp deserves to be highlighted with your expert wordsmithing.

  9. Juan Luna says:

    “Constitutional unity is not fear-based. It is fairness based.”
    I agree and that is really the ideal intent of the whole document. But sad to say, in reality the ‘constitutional unity’ espouse by the constitution can be circumvented or be set aside by those who holds the highest office in the land either by violating it or simply replacing it with another preferred version. Example?

    Ferdinand E. Marcos. 😶

    • kasambahay says:

      the offshoots, the laterals, expect them. I heard the president elect is going to be his own spokesperson, no spokesperson need apply. and if this sets a precedent, methink the rest of incumbents elect will follow suit and wont have any spokespersons too. nagbubugang selfie balita! magbibigay pugay to self, lol!

      and if incumbents elect so run out of words and choose not to speak for longer periods of time, silence is the name of the game, wala tayong imikan! in unity there is national laryngitis!

      as well, vloggers are now going to be tapped in case those self appointee spoxes have taken a fright to talking. many of them up and coming vloggers are probly disinformation trolls soon to be given promotion for election deeds done. crime really does pay, making fake sex video does pay.


      vloggers in 7th heaven! strike tallano gold.

      • Karl Garcia says:

        Heydarian is so against bloggers now. At first I liked the tweets, but paused because i have many bloggers that I respect.
        But vloggers rushing accreditation to be malacanang press corp? Hell No!!!!

        Per press sec. everything is open to debate?
        Another hell no!

        Padilla changing the consti, Oh No!
        Marcoleta in DOE: hello BNPP regardless of lack manpower to operate the white elephant.

        Imee committee chair for foreign relations: Good Lord.

        Villar: Term sharing for senate Press: She is so obsessed.

    • Karl Garcia says:

      Per Remulla and some others the 87 constitution was to bring the Marcoses.But they would not change the charter for now.(not holding my breath)


      • Karl Garcia says:

        If so before or after the midterms they will have a new constitution drafted that can it is self serving. They accuse the 87 constitution to be anti-Marcos now they will do an anti 87 consti.

        Good Grief.

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